The following describes the persons involved in publication
Roles and responsibilities:
In terms of an effective blind peer review editors are responsible for;
Blind peer review by external referees who have the necessary subject expertise is the most common method to ensure manuscript quality for publication. Sometimes manuscripts are rejected without external peer review, to make use of their resources, some of the reasons include, that the manuscript does not fit into the scope of the journal, does not meet the quality requirements of the journal and lacks novelty and originality in terms of the submitted information.
Referees are normally selected either by the editor or by associate editor and in some cases the members of the editorial board to whom the task has been delegated.
Some journals attempt to mask the identities of both the authors and reviewers, although masked, the identity of the author(s) may be known by the reviewers based on the area of research. Many journals follow the practice of keeping reviewer identities anonymous to the author.
Blind peer review is usually a very gifted scientific process, it needs a lot of time from scientists and global researches for whom time is a very precious commodity. Hence a backup must be ready with the editor in case one of the reviewers might opt to stay away from the peer review process.
Evaluating all manuscripts considered for publication to make certain that the conclusions and evidences provided are matching with the scope of the journal.
Providing literature references and author contact information so interested readers may pursue further discourse.
Creating mechanisms to determine if the journal is providing what readers need and want (e.g., reader surveys).
Providing a mechanism for a further discussion on the scientific merits of a paper, such as by publishing letters to the editor, inviting commentaries and article blogs.
Working with the publisher to attract the best manuscripts and research that will be of interest to readers.
An editor essentially is totally responsible for what appears in his or her journal.
The author has to establish and maintain high-quality journal content
The editor’s right to editorial freedom may be supported by the following and must have consensus between the editor and the journal owner/publisher: These include;
Editors and the publication staff should keep all information about a submitted manuscript confidential, sharing it only with those involved in the evaluation, review, and publication processes.
To minimize the potential to influence editorial decisions, many journals have policies not to release content to the publication’s sales team until it has been accepted or published.